1. Step 1
Make certain you have all the parts of a nebulizer: a compressor, tube, cup and mouthpiece or mask. Medicine is also needed and should be administered according to your physician's instructions.
2. Step 2
Set the compressor on a level surface near an electrical outlet and plug in.
3. Step 3
Pour the medicine into the nebulizer cup and attach the cup to mouthpiece or mask. A mask tends to work better for small children. It covers the mouth and nose with an elastic strap that expands and rests on the back of the head, much like a doctor's mask, although it's made of plastic instead of cloth.
4. Step 4
Attach one end of the tube to the nebulizer cup. Attach the other end of the tube to the compressor or breathing machine.
5. Step 5
Sitting upright, place the mask over the mouth and nose and secure it by adjusting the elastic strap on either side of the mask. If you're using a mouthpiece, hold it in place with your hand.
6. Step 6
Turn on the compressor. Once on, you will see the vapors rising from the mask.
7. Step 7
Keep the compressor on until the medicine in the nebulizer cup completely vaporizes. This may take about 10 minutes.
8. Step 8
Turn off the compressor and remove the mask or mouthpiece.
9. Step 9
To clean the nebulizer, turn it off and detach the cup from the tubing. Wash the mask or mouthpiece and cup in hot soapy water or soak it in a solution of one part vinegar to three parts water. Rinse thoroughly and air-dry. Store the compressor in a dry, dust-free environment.